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Rep. Woolsey Bill HR 508 to Withdraw from Iraq 1-27-07

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d110:h.r.00508:

H.R.508

Bring the Troops Home and Iraq Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2007
(Introduced in House)
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HR 508 IH

110th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. R. 508

To require United States military disengagement from Iraq, to provide United States assistance for reconstruction and reconciliation in Iraq, and for other purposes.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 17, 2007

Ms. WOOLSEY (for herself, Ms. LEE, Ms. WATERS, Ms. WATSON, Mr. MCGOVERN, Mr. FRANK of Massachusetts, Mr. GRIJALVA, Mr. FATTAH, Mr. NADLER, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. CLAY, Mr. COHEN, Mr. HINCHEY, Mr. FILNER, Mr. KUCINICH, Mr. PAYNE, and Ms. JACKSON --LEE of Texas) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and in addition to the Committees on Armed Services, Veterans' Affairs, Rules, and the Judiciary, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned

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A BILL

To require United States military disengagement from Iraq, to provide United States assistance for reconstruction and reconciliation in Iraq, and for other purposes.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

(a) Short Title -- This Act may be cited as the "Bring the Troops Home and Iraq Sovereignty Restoration Act of 2007".

(b) Table of Contents -- The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.

TITLE I -- --UNITED STATES MILITARY DISENGAGEMENT FROM IRAQ

Sec. 101. Findings.

Sec. 102. Statement of policy.

Sec. 103. Repeal of Public Law 107 --243.

Sec. 104. Disengagement of United States Armed Forces and contractor security forces from Iraq.

Sec. 105. Prohibition on permanent United States military installations in Iraq.

Sec. 106. Provision of Iraqi police and home guards training.

Sec. 107. Deployment of international stabilization force to Iraq.

Sec. 108. Limitation on total number of United States Government personnel at United States Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq.

Sec. 109. Prohibition on production sharing agreements for Iraqi petroleum resources.

TITLE II -- --UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND RECONCILIATION IN IRAQ

Subtitle A -- --Bilateral Assistance

Sec. 201. Modification of authorities relating to the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction.

Sec. 202. Study and report on damage to Iraqi civil society and infrastructure.

Sec. 203. Assistance to establish an Iraqi reconstruction corps.

Sec. 204. Assistance for the destruction of land mines and related activities in Iraq.

Sec. 205. Assistance to dismantle and dispose of fortifications and other remnants of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

Sec. 206. Assistance to recover ancient relics and to restore archeological, cultural, and historical sites in Iraq.

Sec. 207. Compensation for Iraqi Noncombatant Civilian Casualties.

Sec. 208. Assistance to establish an Iraqi institute of peace.

Subtitle B -- --Multilateral Assistance

Sec. 211. International fund to redevelop civic institutions in Iraq.

Sec. 212. International fund to reconstitute the public health system in Iraq.

TITLE III -- --GUARANTEED HEALTH CARE FOR VETERANS OF OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM AND OTHER CONFLICTS

Sec. 301. Assurance of adequate funding for veterans health care.

TITLE IV -- --ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT SELECT COMMITTEE TO REVIEW THE ORIGINS AND CONDUCT OF OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM

Sec. 401. Establishment of Joint Select Committee.

Sec. 402. Duties.

Sec. 403. Membership.

Sec. 404. Powers.

Sec. 405. Staff.

Sec. 406. Funding.

Sec. 407. Termination.

TITLE I -- --UNITED STATES MILITARY DISENGAGEMENT FROM IRAQ

SEC. 101. FINDINGS.

Congress finds the following:

(1) The brave men and women of the United States Armed Forces continue to serve with distinction in Iraq and have earned the respect and gratitude of the American people.

(2) On May 1, 2003, under a banner displaying the words "Mission Accomplished," President George W. Bush stated: "Major combat operations in Iraq have ended.". At that point, the occupation of Iraq began.

(3) The civilian leadership at the Department of Defense has failed to adequately support United States Armed Forces in Iraq, which were not trained to carry out an occupation and did not receive the proper equipment to achieve their stated mission.

(4) The occupation of Iraq has made the United States economically and militarily weaker, has made the United States less safe because it has enhanced the recruitment of terrorists, and has diminished America's prestige and influence in the world.

(5) Iraq is embroiled in a civil war characterized by daily occurrences of retaliation and revenge, fueled by the occupation of Iraq by United States Armed Forces. The civil war in Iraq was predicted by United States military commanders before the 2003 occupation of Iraq.

(6) The United States has pursued military action rather than diplomatic alternatives in Iraq, and has reduced reconstruction efforts in Iraq.

(7) On May 13, 2003, the President stated, "We will stay as long as necessary to make sure that the Iraqi people have a government of, by and for the Iraqi people. And then we'll come home.".

(8) On December 15, 2005, the Iraqi people participated in elections to directly elect a full --term government. Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al --Maliki and other high --ranking Iraqi Government officials, as well as leaders from the Sunni, Shiite, and Kurdish communities in Iraq, have since called for a timetable for the withdrawal of United States Armed Forces from Iraq.

(9) Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al --Maliki has stated that Iraqi political leaders must bring security and stability to Iraq.

(10) During the summer of 2006, General George Casey, the top United States military commander in Iraq, proposed a plan for the deployment from Iraq of a substantial portion of United States Armed Forces and briefed the President accordingly.

(11) United States military commanders in Iraq have repeatedly stated that there is no military solution to the turmoil in Iraq.

(12) In the United States elections held on November 7, 2006, the American people clearly voted for a change in United States policy in Iraq and in favor of United States military disengagement from Iraq.

SEC. 102. STATEMENT OF POLICY.

Congress declares that it is the policy of the United States -- --

(1) to end the occupation of Iraq on the basis of the findings specified in section 101;

(2) to accelerate the training and equipping of the military and security forces of the Government of Iraq;

(3) to pursue security and stability in Iraq through diplomacy;

(4) to help preserve the territorial integrity of Iraq as a nation state;

(5) to take all appropriate measures to account for any missing members of the United States Armed Forces or United States citizens in Iraq; and

(6) to turn over all internal security activities and military operations in Iraq to the elected Government of Iraq not later than the end of the six --month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 103. REPEAL OF PUBLIC LAW 107 --243.

The Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 (Public Law 107 --243; 50 U.S.C. 1541 note) is hereby repealed.

SEC. 104. DISENGAGEMENT OF UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES AND CONTRACTOR SECURITY FORCES FROM IRAQ.

(a) Withdrawal of Armed Forces -- Not later than the end of the six --month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, all United States Armed Forces serving in Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom shall be withdrawn from Iraq and returned to the United States or redeployed outside of the Middle East. It is the policy of Congress that this withdrawal shall commence as soon as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act to ensure completion of the withdrawal by the end of such six --month period.

(b) Withdrawal of Contractor Security Forces -- Not later than the end of the six --month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, all security forces under contract or subcontract with the United States Government and working in Iraq shall be withdrawn from Iraq. The contract or subcontract providing for the use of such security forces shall be terminated as soon as practicable after the forces are withdrawn.

(c) Prohibition on Use of Funds To Continue Deployment of Armed Forces in Iraq --

(1) PROHIBITION -- Except as provided in paragraph (2), funds appropriated or otherwise made available under any provision of law may not be obligated or expended to deploy or continue to deploy members or units of the United States Armed Forces to Iraq as part of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

(2) EXCEPTIONS -- Paragraph (1) does not apply to the use of funds -- --

(A) to provide for the safe and orderly withdrawal of the Armed Forces and contractor security forces from Iraq pursuant to subsections (a) and (b); or

(B) to ensure the security of Iraq and its transition to democratic rule by -- --

(i) carrying out consultations with the Government of Iraq, other foreign governments, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the United Nations, and other international organizations; or

(ii) providing financial assistance or equipment to Iraqi security forces and international forces in Iraq.

(d) Rule of Construction -- Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit or otherwise restrict the use of funds available to any department or agency of the United States, other than the Department of Defense, to carry out social and economic reconstruction activities in Iraq.

(e) Armed Forces Defined -- In this section, the term "Armed Forces" has the meaning given the term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 105. PROHIBITION ON PERMANENT UNITED STATES MILITARY INSTALLATIONS IN IRAQ.

(a) Prohibition -- No permanent or long --term military installation, which is designed or intended to be occupied by a unit of the United States Armed Forces after the withdrawal of the Armed Forces from Iraq pursuant to section 104(a), may be constructed in Iraq.

(b) Transfer of Military Facilities -- The President of the United States shall transfer to the Government of Iraq all right, title, and interest held by the United States in any military facility in Iraq that was constructed, repaired, or improved using amounts appropriated to the Department of Defense and occupied by a unit of the United States Armed Forces.

SEC. 106. PROVISION OF IRAQI POLICE AND HOME GUARDS TRAINING.

During the six --month period specified in subsections (a) and (b) of section 104 for the withdrawal of United States Armed Forces and contractor security forces from Iraq, the Secretary of Defense may use members of the Armed Forces and security forces under contract or subcontract with the Department of Defense to assist in the training of a permanent Iraqi police force and neighborhood, village, and tribal home guards comprised of Iraqi citizens.

SEC. 107. DEPLOYMENT OF INTERNATIONAL STABILIZATION FORCE TO IRAQ.

(a) Deployment -- If requested by the Government of Iraq (including with the support of the National Assembly of Iraq), the President of the United States is authorized to support the deployment of an international stabilization force to Iraq to enhance public security in Iraq after the withdrawal of United States Armed Forces from Iraq pursuant to section 104(a).

(b) Sense of Congress -- It is the sense of Congress that the deployment of the international stabilization force to Iraq described in subsection (a) should commence not later than the end of the six --month period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and terminate not later than the end of the two --year period beginning on the date of commencement of such deployment.

SEC. 108. LIMITATION ON TOTAL NUMBER OF UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL AT UNITED STATES EMBASSY IN BAGHDAD, IRAQ.

(a) Limitation -- Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the total number of officers and employees of the United States Government assigned to the United States Embassy in Baghdad, Iraq, may not exceed 500 individuals.

(b) Effective Date -- Subsection (a) shall take effect beginning six months after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 109. PROHIBITION ON PRODUCTION SHARING AGREEMENTS FOR IRAQI PETROLEUM RESOURCES.

(a) Prohibition -- On or after the date of the enactment of this Act, no department, agency, or other entity of the Government of the United States and no national of the United States may enter into a contract for the development, production, or marketing of petroleum resources in Iraq.

(b) Sunset -- Subsection (a) shall cease to be effective beginning on the date on which the President of the United States certifies to Congress that the Government of Iraq has established and is enforcing laws that provide for the regulation of activities of foreign governments and foreign nationals pursuant to contracts for the development, production, or marketing of petroleum resources in Iraq.

(c) Definition -- In this section, the term "national of the United States" means -- --

(1) a natural person who is a citizen of the United States or who owes permanent allegiance to the United States or is an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in the United States, as defined in section 101(a)(20) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(20)); or

(2) a corporation, partnership, or other business association that is organized under the laws of the United States, any State or territory thereof, or the District of Columbia.

TITLE II -- --UNITED STATES ASSISTANCE FOR RECONSTRUCTION AND RECONCILIATION IN IRAQ

Subtitle A -- --Bilateral Assistance

SEC. 201. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING TO THE SPECIAL INSPECTOR GENERAL FOR IRAQ RECONSTRUCTION.

(a) Duties -- Section 1054(a) of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109 --364; 120 Stat. 2397) is amended by inserting "or any subsequent fiscal year" after "fiscal year 2006".

(b) Termination -- Section 3001(o) of the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act for Defense and for the Reconstruction of Iraq and Afghanistan, 2004 (Public Law 108 --106; 117 Stat. 1238; 5 U.S.C. App., note to section 8G of Public Law 95 --452), as amended by section 1054(b) of Public Law 109 --364 and section 2 of the Iraq Reconstruction Accountability Act of 2006 (Public Law 109 --440), is amended in paragraph (1)(B) by inserting "or any subsequent fiscal year" after "fiscal year 2006".

SEC. 202. STUDY AND REPORT ON DAMAGE TO IRAQI CIVIL SOCIETY AND INFRASTRUCTURE.

(a) Study -- The President of the United States, acting through the heads of the relevant departments and agencies of the Government of the United States and in consultation with the Government of Iraq, is authorized to conduct a study on the damage to Iraqi civil society and infrastructure as a result of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

(b) Report -- The President shall transmit to Congress a report that contains the results of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (a).

(c) Authorization of Appropriations -- There is authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry out this section $100,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.

SEC. 203. ASSISTANCE TO ESTABLISH AN IRAQI RECONSTRUCTION CORPS.

(a) Assistance -- The President of the United States is authorized to provide assistance to the Government of Iraq to establish and train an Iraqi reconstruction corps to rebuild the infrastructure of Iraq. To the maximum extent practicable, the Iraqi reconstruction corps should carry out its activities in accordance with the results of the study conducted pursuant to section 202.

(b) Terms and Conditions -- Assistance under this section may be provided on such terms and conditions as the President may determine.

(c) Authorization of Appropriations -- There is authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry out this section $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.

SEC. 204. ASSISTANCE FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF LAND MINES AND RELATED ACTIVITIES IN IRAQ.

(a) Assistance -- The President of the United States is authorized to provide assistance for the destruction of land mines, unexploded ordnance, and clean --up of depleted uranium in artillery shells and related targets in Iraq.

(b) Terms and Conditions -- Assistance under this section may be provided on such terms and conditions as the President may determine.

(c) Authorization of Appropriations --

(1) IN GENERAL -- There is authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry out this section $250,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.

(2) ADDITIONAL AUTHORITIES -- Amounts appropriated pursuant to the authorization of appropriations under paragraph (1) -- --

(A) may be referred to as the "Iraqi Demining Fund";

(B) are authorized to remain available until expended; and

(C) are in addition to amounts otherwise available for such purposes.

SEC. 205. ASSISTANCE TO DISMANTLE AND DISPOSE OF FORTIFICATIONS AND OTHER REMNANTS OF OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM.

(a) Assistance -- The President of the United States is authorized to provide assistance to the Government of Iraq to dismantle and dispose of fortifications, including concrete walls, and other remnants of Operation Iraqi Freedom.

(b) Terms and Conditions --

(1) IN GENERAL -- Assistance under this section may be provided on such terms and conditions as the President may determine.

(2) SENSE OF CONGRESS -- It is the sense of Congress that, to the maximum extent practicable, priority should be given to train and hire Iraqi civilians to carry out the activities described in subsection (a) and to allocate funds to local units of government in Iraq, including village, town, and city councils, to carry out the activities described in subsection (a).

(c) Authorization of Appropriations -- There is authorized to be appropriated to the President to carry out this section $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2008.

 
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